The Computing Zone
Understanding The Internet

Bronze Criteria

  • Understand how networks work
  • You can explain the advantages and disadvantages of different network topologies
  • You can explain what routers and modems do in a network
  • You can create a publication that is professional and error free

Silver Criteria

  • You can explain what the internet is
  • You can explain how information travels across the internet
  • You can explain the role of an ISP in setting up an internet connection
  • Understand what a network is
  • You can explain the advantages and disadvantages the 2 main types of network (LAN and WAN).
  • You can create a publication that is relevant to the audience and purpose.

Gold Criteria

  • You can explain what two words “internet” is made from
  • You can correctly use some key words from this topic
  • Know what an ISP is
  • You can explain the difference between LAN and WAN networks
  • You can highlight advantages of using a network
  • You can create a publication to share your knowledge


Attachment - A file which is ‘attached’ and sent with a standard text email message. Often photographs or Word documents are attached to emails.

Archive - The place on a website where you find old articles, stories etc.

Broadband - A permanent high-speed internet connection. It receives digital information at about 100 times faster than a dial-up modem and is “always-on”.

Bugs - Errors in a piece of software or web page that can make it break or work strangely.

Download - Getting a file onto your computer from another computer on the internet.

Email - Electronic mail. Messages (sometimes with attachments) sent over the internet from one email address to another.

Firewall - A program which sits between your computer and the internet and watches for hacking, viruses or unapproved data transfer.

Flash - A plug-in application you download which allows your browser to show animations.

Homepage - The ‘front page’ of a website, where you’re told what’s on the site, how to get around it and how to search for things that’ll interest you.

Icon - A small picture which, when you click on it launches an application, program or acts like a link on the World Wide Web.

Internet - Millions of computers around the world connected together by telephone lines, cables or satellites.

Internet Explorer - One of the most popular web browsers, designed by Microsoft.

ISP - Internet Service Provider. An ISP is the company that provides internet connections.

Local Area Network (LAN) - A network of connected devices that exist within a specific location. LANs may be found in homes, offices, educational institution, or other areas.

Link - Words or pictures you can click on which take you from somewhere (an internet page, an email message etc.) to somewhere else (another page, a picture etc.).

Logging in - Using a username and password to prove your identity so that you can enter your computer or internet account.

Network – A network consists of multiple devices that communicate with one another. It can be as small as two computers or as large as billions of devices.
Offline - Describes when your computer is not connected to the internet.

Online - Describes when your computer is connected to the internet.

Refresh/Reload - The button that you use to download a web page again. In Internet Explorer it’s called “Refresh” and in Mozilla Firefox “Reload”. You should press this button if for some reason a web page appears not to have loaded correctly.

Register - Some websites ask you to give your name, email address and other personal information in order to view pages. This is called registering.

Router – A device that routes data (hence the name) from a local area network (LAN) to another network connection. A router only allows authorized machines to connect to another authorised computer systems. Most routers also keep log files about the local network activity. (Hardware)

Search engine - A search engine is usually a website which allows you to search the internet for information. The search engine lists results that relate to your key words.

Software - Any programs such as word processors, email applications or internet browsers.

URL - Stands for Uniform Resource Locator, the technical term for the address of a website or document on the web.

Virus - Pieces of code that are designed to reproduce and damage data or system performance. There are thousands of viruses and the numbers keep growing.

Web browser - Software which allows you to surf the internet. A program you use to view web pages and ‘browse’ websites. Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox are two of the most popular browsers



Introduction Videos
A little background to the project…
Project Tasks
Everything you need in one place…

You will be working through the project tasks as listed below:

If you need to get in touch with Mr McG then this is the way….

What's your name?
Thank you [name], that's great.

Can I ask where you are from?
Hey [name], can I ask where you are from?
Hey [name], which class are you in?
OK [name], thanks for that.

I will need your email address so I can get back to you!!
Thanks [name], nearly there.

What can I help you with?

Thanks [name] from [whichclass][location], Mr McG will get your message…"
[message]"…and will get back to you ASAP via [email]. Catch you soon.

Thank you [name], Mr McG got your message.
Thanks [name], Mr McG will get back to you as soon as he can!!

Have a great day!!

K McGuinness - 2018

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